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ΕFA-Rainbow supports the right of the Catalan people to decide on their future and joins the EFA campaign "Catalonia decides"

Catalonia decides



Radio Macedonian Culture

A selection of Macedonian blogs in Greece

Aegean Macedonian Culture

Anti-macedonian policy during the elections for the European Parliament against Rainbow by the Greek state and the Greek mass media

A scandal by the Parliamentary committee

Greek TV stations sabotage EFA-Raibow

Ultra-nationalists want "borders with Serbia"!

"Hellenic Post" sabbotages EFA-Rainbow Campaign

Typical example of censorship of Rainbow

Attack of the Greek Neo-nazi party

A Greek - Macedonian dictionary by Vasko Karatza printed with the support of EFA - Rainbow
 Greek   Macedonian

D. Lithoxoou
"Extracts of Letters"

Τι έλεγε κάποτε το ΚΚΕ για τους Μακεδόνες

Denying Ethnic Identity:
The Macedonians of Greece, by Human Rights Watch

Linguistics and politics II:
Macedonian Language

Greece's stance towards
its Macedonian minority
and the neighbouring
Republic of Macedonia.

Lawed Arguments
and Omitted Truths

R. Nikovski: Memorandum to the European Parliament
Facts behind the Greek politics towards Macedonia

English  Macedonian

"Proposed disciplinary measures to stamp out the Macedonian minority in Greece by the National Security Service"

Center Maurits Coppieters
European Free Alliance
Federal Union of European Nationalities
Greek Helsinki Monitor
Greek Anti–Nationalistic Movement
Macedonian Human Rights Movement International
Macedonian Human Rights of Australia
OMO Ilinden - PIRIN
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights

Macedonian Forum for politics and history

Presentation by Pavlos Voskopoulos
at the First AEKA Congress in Athens

Read this page in Greek


The first two-day Convention of the New Reformed Movement of the Left (Ananeotiki Eksynchronistiki Kinisi tis Aristeras, or AEKA) took place on Saturday, 24/5/2003, at the Holiday Inn in Athens. This was the third anniversary of the movement's formation. The Convention's main slogan was "The Counterattack by the Center-Left."

Pavlos Voskopoulos, the spokesperson for the Rainbow party, was invited by convention organizers to present the positions of the Macedonian minority in Greece. The following is a transcript of that speech:


Dear Friends,

I would like to begin by thanking AEKA for inviting Rainbow to participate in its first Convention. If I am not mistaken, this is the first time since 1949 that a member of the Macedonian minority has been invited to formally express their positions at a meeting of a Greek political body.

Obviously, you are expecting to hear about the Macedonian minority in Greece. Permit me, however, to first express our own views on the political situation in this country. Rainbow members believe that Greece currently contains two political and social poles, two ideological currents with their respective practices.
One is the majority, which is characterized by an anti-European and more generalized anti-Western orientation. It is inward focused and nationalistic, strongly anti-Turkish, conservative, and permeates virtually the entire spectrum of political forces in our country. That its primary voices are generally accepted, or at least tolerated, in Greek politics and society, was evident in the relatively recent past and during the war in the former Yugoslavia. At that time, the flags of the ultra-rightwing organization Chryssi Avghi waved side by side with the red flags of the Greek Communist Party (KKE) against Europe and in favor of Milosevic under the banner of the two-headed Byzantine eagle of the Orthodox Church.

The other current has a clearly European orientation. It is extroverted, anti-nationalistic, and democratic. But this currently is a minority position, maintained by minor political parties and individuals in various political arenas in an attempt to counteract the majority current.

We believe that AEKA is part of the second current, and we consider it to be an ideological ally in the same democratic camp with Rainbow. I mention all this because it is the context and prism through which we must deal with the issue of minority rights, given that basic principle that minority issues involve and must be positively dealt with by society as a whole. Minority issues and the general attitude toward diversity are crucial to the development of political democracy in our county. It is not simply a matter of respect for minority rights.

The Macedonian minority in Greece was also a victim of the national Greek myth or, rather, the consequences of that myth as far as the implementation of the national political homogenization of our country's population.

From its founding, the modern Greek state believed that its citizens had to be the descendents of Pericles and Socrates, with their rich civilization, and hence a chosen or blessed people. It proceeded to politically discriminate against and absorb whatever departed from the dominant ideology. We believe that Greek society must be liberated from the bonds of its national myth. We are not - permit me here to use the first person plural since we minorities are also in a way the product of the same system - more superior or inferior to any other people or country. And with this in mind, let us all contribute majority and minorities together toward the further democratization of Greece and the progress our overall society.

In recent weeks the media has been showing us images of Greek-Cypriote refugees on the dividing line of Cyprus. We witness their emotions and resolve while waiting to cross into the Turkish sector and see their homes once again, after thirty years. Indeed, these are very moving, human moments - resulting from the decision of the Turkish Cypriots and Denktash to open the border. I wonder how many of you are aware that, as we speak, the Macedonian political refugees of the Greek Civil War still do not have the right even to visit their family homes, because the Foreign Ministry blacklists them as politically undesirable.

As for the policy of a minority itself, Rainbow has repeatedly stated that along with advocating for its own rights, it has a responsibility to reassure the general population that it does not desire the change of existing borders through the exercise of those rights. This is especially necessary where the Balkans are concerned. We can learn a lot from the recent events in our region.

For an example of this policy I cite our position on the introduction of the Macedonian language in the Greek educational system. We do not want to have separate schools for this purpose, because that would have a segregating effect. Instead, we wish to see Macedonian as part of the curriculum in the Greek schools in regions where the language is spoken.

In addition, concerning the policy of minorities toward neighboring countries, permit me to quote a friend who is in the same ideological bulwark and has formulated the theory of the prophylactic. The prophylactic is very useful, and is highly effective in the job for which it was intended. But it is useless afterwards, and gets tossed out. This, in a way, is the fate of a minority if it becomes the victim of interstate conflict and antagonism, especially, if it allows itself to used as a political tool that serves the interests of one side or the other.

In conclusion, I would like to thank you once again for inviting me, and to reiterate my conviction that minority issues must discussed and solved by the majority and minority together. In this way, all democratic citizens contribute to the democratization of our country, for a better society and a promising tomorrow.

Thank you.

Athens 24 May 2003


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EFA-Rainbow Archives

Γιατί να ψηφίσω
την ΕΕΣ-Ουράνιο Τόξο

Click here
to read the Abecedar!

Promotion of the
Macedonian Language
Primer at the OSCE HDIM

English Greek Macedonian

Greek irredentism and expansionism officially sanctioned by the Greek Parliament
English Greek Macedonian

Letter to Carla del Ponte,
Chief Prosecutor for the UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

English Greek Macedonian

The Yugoslavian Crisis
English Greek Macedonian

Document of the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs

Related to the article - The obvious linguistic particularity - Eletherotypia, 18/11/2006

English   Greek

The ten Greek myths
on the “Macedonian issue”

By IOS team – Eletherotypia, 23/10/2005

Who says there are no
minority languages in Greece?

The "secret" census
in north Greece, in 1920

Map showing the Cultures and Languages in the E.U.

Council of Europe
Framework convention for the Protection of national minorities




Συνέντευξη: Ευάγγελος Κωφός, Έλληνας ιστορικός
Δημοκρατία της Μακεδονίας - Σκόπια είναι όνομα που εκφράζει την ταυτότητά σας

Greek   Macedonian

Ο Παύλος Φιλίποβ Βοσκόπουλος απαντά στον Ευάγγελο Κωφό.
«Το Μακεδονικό ζήτημα είναι η αχίλλειος πτέρνα του ελληνικού μύθου».

Greek   Macedonian
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