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ΕFA-Rainbow supports the right of the Catalan people to decide on their future and joins the EFA campaign "Catalonia decides"

Catalonia decides



Radio Macedonian Culture

A selection of Macedonian blogs in Greece

Aegean Macedonian Culture

Anti-macedonian policy during the elections for the European Parliament against Rainbow by the Greek state and the Greek mass media

A scandal by the Parliamentary committee

Greek TV stations sabotage EFA-Raibow

Ultra-nationalists want "borders with Serbia"!

"Hellenic Post" sabbotages EFA-Rainbow Campaign

Typical example of censorship of Rainbow

Attack of the Greek Neo-nazi party

A Greek - Macedonian dictionary by Vasko Karatza printed with the support of EFA - Rainbow
 Greek   Macedonian

D. Lithoxoou
"Extracts of Letters"

Τι έλεγε κάποτε το ΚΚΕ για τους Μακεδόνες

Denying Ethnic Identity:
The Macedonians of Greece, by Human Rights Watch

Linguistics and politics II:
Macedonian Language

Greece's stance towards
its Macedonian minority
and the neighbouring
Republic of Macedonia.

Lawed Arguments
and Omitted Truths

R. Nikovski: Memorandum to the European Parliament
Facts behind the Greek politics towards Macedonia

English  Macedonian

"Proposed disciplinary measures to stamp out the Macedonian minority in Greece by the National Security Service"

Center Maurits Coppieters
European Free Alliance
Federal Union of European Nationalities
Greek Helsinki Monitor
Greek Anti–Nationalistic Movement
Macedonian Human Rights Movement International
Macedonian Human Rights of Australia
OMO Ilinden - PIRIN
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights

Macedonian Forum for politics and history

Member of the European Free Alliance - European Political Party (EFA-EPP)
Member of the Federal Union of European Nationalities (FUEN)

Stefanou Dragoumi 11 �.�. 53100 �.�. 51 Greece; Tel/fax 0030 23850 46548
Website:; E-mail:


January 19, 1997

RAINBOW is the political organization of the Macedonian ethnic minority living within the boundaries of the Greek state, and engaged in the country's domestic political scene as an organization of ethnic Macedonians.

On an international political level RAINBOW functions as an organization of the Macedonian national minority resident in Greece.

RAINBOW draws its inspirations on the struggle for ethnic and social liberation, led by the Centralist IMRO, the Ilinden revolutionaries, the SNOF and NOF Antifascist forces - upholding the honour of those fighting for the Macedonian national movement.

RAINBOW believes that in present political conditions the terms : bilinguals, Slavo-Macedonians, local Macedonians (generally abstractly), Slavs, Slavophones, Bulgars, etc. - are used as strategic references in Greece by the country's political system in its battle against ethnic Macedonians. The Acceptance of some of these terms by RAINBOW, or the latter's of its evolution has occurred in specific conditions of semi-legality in which the organization operated.

The policy permitting the use of the terms Slavophones, bilinguals, Slavo- Macedonians, locals, Bulgars, etc. has the intention of obstructing the use of the reference "ethnic Macedonians," as it is not in concordance to official Greek state policy which does not recognize the existence of a Macedonian nation and a Macedonian national minority in Greece.

Such a policy permits the controlled denoting of differences due to international pressure - but only to an extent of adhering to folk symbols, customs and traditions. Folklore is being used to divide national minority movements, as it is quite clearly and systematically being done in case of the "Pomaci" (Islamic Slavic population).

RAINBOW is engaging all its sources to obtain all minority rights for ethnic Macedonians, as codified in international agreements and commitments Greece has taken upon itself. It is our strategic objective to secure recognition as equal citizens, as well as equal rights and opportunities as ethnic Macedonians in Greece and within the EU.

RAINBOW considers - as does the European intelligentsia - that nations have been created in recent years parallel to a certain evolutional stage in history; in the history of production, labour organization and political systems in the world. It is also believed that every nationalist / racist view on national issues is inevitably linked to the stealing of ancient history, which is not only contrary to scientific principles but also politically endangering as regards peace and democracy.

RAINBOW is differentiating between national dignity, the right to a joint ethnic identity and nationalism / chauvinism. We further believe that permanent ideological and political activity is prerequisite in order to highlight and subsequently sever ties between national and nationalist ideology.

RAINBOW advocates political integration and the enlarging of a unified Europe - an ideal multicultural and multilingual European community. We believe that the European orientation is of key significance to the development of political democracy in the country.

RAINBOW considers that the struggle for peace requires the respecting of existing borders - independent of past historical injustice. The battle for civic equality and social justice should be headed by progressive forces within the boundaries - a Balkan region without confrontations and wars - where nations will live in brotherhood and shared well-being.

Particular priority in our political programme is being attributed to the direct and unconditional return of ethnic Macedonians - political emigrants and refugee children, to the elimination of revoking of the citizenship (by the Greek Government) of Macedonians who have emigrated for economic reasons and to the return of all confiscated properties. Specific significance is paid to the development of Macedonian culture.

Concrete tactical objectives to be achieved by nurturing the Macedonian language are:
a) the publishing of a bilingual (Greek - Macedonian) periodical
b) the publishing of a Greek - Macedonian dictionary

The strategic objective as regards language use is the introducing of lectures in Macedonian ( standard ) language within the nine-year educational system in those places in Greece where ethnic Macedonians live and the language is spoken ; this is to be conducive to its development analogous to that in the Republic of Macedonia, and to the establishment of the Dept. of Macedonian language within the university education system.

The immediate political objective in terms of developing national culture is the systematic participation of RAINBOW members in manifestations and cultural clubs - particularly in places where the Macedonian song has positive impact in terms of national self-perception.

RAINBOW demands the alternation of toponyms which have been changed self-initiatively, systematically and forcefully by the Greek administration during the third decade of the 20th century. We advocate the dual naming of geographical entities - which is being supported by European democratic movements within the framework of respecting European cultural heritage.

RAINBOW supports each reform conducive to economic and administrative decentralization, to the power transfer and unit governing on a municipal level.

We oppose every policy of decentralizing power via autocracy embodied by the present-day "Athenian State." It is being considered that the conducting of programmes of low-restricted trade and economic decentralization will not only be conducive to economic development - but also to the decentralization of power from a political perspective, and to the creating of friendly relations and cooperation among states.

From a principle point of view, RAINBOW supports the struggle of the Turkish ethnicity in Thrace for the obtaining of all minority rights guaranteed through international legally binding agreements on civic equality and national dignity.

RAINBOW is further endorsing the most progressive cultural and political requests of the Vlach, the Romany and the Arvanite ethnicities - as Greek citizens who are mainly concerned with preserving and furthering their language.

RAINBOW is to oppose each violation of the principle / right to freedom of religious worship, or the right to adhere to atheism. Due to this we advocate Constitutional reforms which would completely separate the Greek Orthodox Church from the Greek state.

We support the fight of those citizens refusing to fulfill their National Service obligation for religious or political reasons; we further promote the providing of an alternative option - social / community service or its suspension altogether.

RAINBOW endorses the rights of immigrant employees forced to seek a living in Greece by hunger and despair. We support their right to live without decreasing the pay of Greek workers at the same time - this barring the door to fascism and racism. RAINBOW advocates equal pay and social insurance for the equal amount of labour delivered by Greeks and immigrants alike - in addition to all civic rights for immigrant employees after having lived in Greece for a certain period of time.

RAINBOW supports programs and activities on the protection of the environment and natural sources according to the principle that environment is not only natural but also cultural richness of a region as well.

RAINBOW objects to the policy of demographic manipulation conducted by the Greek Government in a selective and systematic manner over decades, on the territories of Macedonia and Thrace by populating these areas with so-called 'repatriates'. Not only is such a policy not favouring the evolution of friendly relations among the population, but it rather contributes to a tense, biased and spiteful climate.

RAINBOW believes that the parliamentary entrance quota of 3% (applying to both Greek and European structures) has the function to obstruct minority representation in these bodies. We demand the altering of the Election Law, as well as the introducing of more proportionate and realistic percentages - so that minorities may be represented in the Greek and in the European Parliament.

By expressing the spirit of resistance of a people throughout an entire century, against the barbarism of Greek nationalism, RAINBOW has sided itself with anti-nationalist and anti-chauvinist forces in the country.

RAINBOW considers that an indicator of the honesty and wish for inter-ethnic coexistence of a Greek political party or NGO is to be seen in crossing the red line created by the Greek Foreign Office. Crossing this red line would mean the recognition of both ethnic minorities (the Turkish and the Macedonian one), as well as aiding their struggle to obtain all internationally guaranteed rights. This entails the recognition and respecting of the ethnic Macedonian identity - which is prerequisite to political cooperation - and the networking of our movement with individuals and organizations both in and outside Greece.

RAINBOW is promoting peaceful and friendly relations with all neighbours, based on the democratic principles of peaceful coexistence: non-interference into internal matters of a state, the respecting of its integrity, equality and mutual benefit.

RAINBOW believes that each attempt by states to participate in 'religious axes', i.e. nationalist fronts on religious grounds, creates a political 'Dark Age' which does not favour the advancing of contemporary European reality.

RAINBOW considers that the current political system in Greece represented by MPs of various political parties has been conducting an aggressive, nationalist and analogously anti-European policy, though always in slightly differing hues. This policy has been confirmed by rendering support to Serb expansionism, the division of Bosnia and ethnic cleansing conducted in this country, etc. It has been and still is the objective of Greek nationalism and aggression to target the Republic of Macedonia.

RAINBOW does not believe that the Greek Government is handling the name-issue and relations to the Republic of Macedonia wisely, as it is trying to prohibit the use of this reference by all means and impose its own proposal. This unfortunately only bears evidence of the profoundly anti-democratic political culture prevailing in this country.

RAINBOW endorses the irrevocable right of a people and a state to use the name Macedonia on the basis of national self-determination. We agree on a political (not theoretical) level with the view that the name of a nation is its soul. This is also the view of ethnic Macedonians contributing to the cause within the ranks of RAINBOW who are not playing 'Greek drama' when airing this motto, but fully believing it.

RAINBOW believes that the only way towards creating friendly relations between Greece and Macedonia is the recognition and respecting of the latter by the former, as applies to its citizens on grounds of national self-determination and direct bilateral discussions on all levels.

The political doctrine of 'thinking up enemies' which is constantly being employed by the Greek Government, is undermining the country's European orientation and endangering the entire Balkan and Southeast Mediterranean region. At the same time the country's darkest political forces of its interior are being nourished and given the opportunity to play a major role in the country.

RAINBOW considers the huge military expenses - justified by the alibi of an 'imminent Greek-Turkish conflict' - as conducive to leading the nation into economic hardship as the economic potential of the country is being stretched to the maximum. As is the case with the well-being of the population.

It is the political creed of RAINBOW to exclusively promote nonviolent conflict resolution via dialogue. This approach is also to be employed in case of neighbouring Turkey, as discord between both countries does not suffice as a reason for armed confrontation. Thus conflicts may be resolved by implementing the principles of peaceful coexistence and mutual benefit.

The premise that there is nothing to generate discord among nations, or even armed conflicts, is correct. Unless however this principle becomes state policy, a policy condemning war, it is conducive to a political farce. RAINBOW believes that the best way to avert armed confrontation is the striving towards peace and coexistence.

RAINBOW is not a regional, geographically isolated and self-contained movement. Ethnic minority issues are key priorities linked to questions of equality i.e. on the core issue of intensifying and improving democratization procedures in the country.

The obtaining of national minority rights require a stable European orientation of the country and a policy remote of nationalist and chauvinist political components. To this purpose RAINBOW has joined the unified political front for peace and democracy in Europe, together with all trustworthy anti-nationalist and anti-racist forces of the country.

Based on such a policy RAINBOW supports programmes on implementing objectives shared with other political organizations and movements in the country, which includes the creating of alliances for joint election campaigns. In the same sense RAINBOW supports the implementation of joint objectives with kindred ideological / political entities in Europe.

RAINBOW cooperates with organizations, associations and movements of Macedonians in neighbouring countries and throughout the world, concordant to UN Conventions and the principles and integrity of this Organization.

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Promotion of the
Macedonian Language
Primer at the OSCE HDIM

English Greek Macedonian

Greek irredentism and expansionism officially sanctioned by the Greek Parliament
English Greek Macedonian

Letter to Carla del Ponte,
Chief Prosecutor for the UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

English Greek Macedonian

The Yugoslavian Crisis
English Greek Macedonian

Document of the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs

Related to the article - The obvious linguistic particularity - Eletherotypia, 18/11/2006

English   Greek

The ten Greek myths
on the “Macedonian issue”

By IOS team – Eletherotypia, 23/10/2005

Who says there are no
minority languages in Greece?

The "secret" census
in north Greece, in 1920

Map showing the Cultures and Languages in the E.U.

Council of Europe
Framework convention for the Protection of national minorities




Συνέντευξη: Ευάγγελος Κωφός, Έλληνας ιστορικός
Δημοκρατία της Μακεδονίας - Σκόπια είναι όνομα που εκφράζει την ταυτότητά σας

Greek   Macedonian

Ο Παύλος Φιλίποβ Βοσκόπουλος απαντά στον Ευάγγελο Κωφό.
«Το Μακεδονικό ζήτημα είναι η αχίλλειος πτέρνα του ελληνικού μύθου».

Greek   Macedonian
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