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Catalonia decides


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Anti-macedonian policy during the elections for the European Parliament against Rainbow by the Greek state and the Greek mass media


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Denying Ethnic Identity:
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Linguistics and politics II:
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Greece's stance towards
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Lawed Arguments
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R. Nikovski: Memorandum to the European Parliament
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"Proposed disciplinary measures to stamp out the Macedonian minority in Greece by the National Security Service"


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Macedonian Forum for politics and history
 
List of Jews deported by the Nazis from Florina, Greece

February 19, 2009

The names were transliterated from a list written in Greek characters to Roman characters. Titles are in English and Spanish.

Number
Numero
Surname
Apellido
Given Name
Nombre
Father or Husband
Padre o Esposo
Age
Edad
 
1 Alboher Iomtov Manuel 64
2 Alboher David Iomtov 18
3 Alboher Regina Iomtov 19
4 Alboher Ourico Iomtov 17
5 Alboher Salomon Iomtov 23
6 Alboher Matilde Iomtov 23
7 Alboher Moises    1
8 Ichaj Abraham Bohor 37
9 Ichaj Zunjo Abraham 35
10 Ichaj Matilde Abraham 12
11 Ichaj Moises Abraham 11
12 Ichaj Sarika Abraham 6
13 Ichaj Elvira Abraham 1
14 Ichaj Isaac Abraham 43
15 Ichaj Sol Isaac 32
16 Ichaj Alberto Isaac 12
17 Ichaj Lazaro Isaac 11
18 Ichaj Jaim Isaac 8
19 Ichaj Bohora Isaac 3
20 Ichaj Jaim Samuel 70
21 Ichaj Esther Jaim 72
22 Ichaj Mair Jaim 33
23 Ichaj Eleonora Mair 24
24 Ichaj Aster Mair 3
25 Ichaj Samuel Jaim 47
26 Ichaj Adela Samuel 37
27 Ichaj Jaim Samuel 15
28 Ichaj Moises Samuel 13
29 Ichaj Estrella Samuel 7
30 Ichaj Abraham Isaac 66
31 Ichaj Bohora Abraham 57
32 Ichaj Moises Abraham 20
33 Ichaj Lazaro Abraham 42
34 Ichaj Lousi Lazaro 38
35 Ichaj Alberto Lazaro 17
36 Ichaj Beno Lazaro 12
37 Ichaj Persana Lazaro 8
38 Ichaj Abraham Lazaro 72
39 Ichaj Moises Bohor 34
40 Ichaj Palomba Bohor 21
41 Ichaj Eliahu Bohor 19
42 Kalderon Iosef Yehuda 74
43 Kalderon Ntova Iosef 64
44 Kalderon Salomon Salomon 28
45 Kalderon Loutsa Salomon 32
46 Kalderon Riketa Salomon 1
47 Kalderon Jaim Salom 55
48 Kalderon Miriam Jaim 49
49 Kalderon Natan Jaim 19
50 Kalderon Salom Jaim 17
51 Kalderon Alegra Jaim 15
52 Kalderon Ester Jaim 12
53 Kalderon Isaac Sampa 41
54 Kalderon Arnesta Isaac 30
55 Kalderon Clara Isaac 11
56 Kalderon Zouli Isaac 10
57 Kalderon Mordojai Isaac 8
58 Kalderon Palomba Isaac 3
59 Kalderon Moises Sampa 33
60 Kalderon Sara Moises 24
61 Kalderon Eliahu Moises 1
62 Kalderon Moises Salom 38
63 Kalderon Sol Moises 35
64 Kalderon Sara Moises 14
65 Kalderon Luna Moises 11
66 Kalderon Buena Moises 8
67 Kalderon Oro Moises 5
68 Kalderon Mair Gabriel 59
69 Kalderon Tsgoia Mair 47
70 Kalderon Marika Mair 23
71 Kalderon Gracia Mair 23
72 Kalderon Isaac Mair 21
73 Kalderon Sara Mair 20
74 Kalderon Dario Mair 15
75 Kalderon Alegra Mair 16
76 Kalderon Gabriel Mair 13
77 Kalderon Santo Samuel 38
78 Kalderon Clara Santo 32
79 Kalderon Luna Santo 13
80 Kalderon Reina Santo 10
81 Kalderon Samuel Santo 7
82 Kalderon Salom Jaim 75
83 Kalderon Rebeca Nissim 28
84 Kalderon Salom Nissim 6
85 Kalderon Recoupha Nissim 2
86 Kamhi Baruj Moises 47
87 Kamhi Bohora Baruj 40
88 Kamhi Iosef Baruj 21
89 Kamhi Salom Baruj 18
90 Kamhi Moises Baruj 16
91 Kamhi Abraham Baruj 14
92 Kamhi Salvador Baruj 9
93 Kamhi Emmanuel Baruj 11
94 Kamhi Salomon Moises 42
95 Kamhi Reina Salomon 45
96 Kamhi Maria Salomon 16
97 Kamhi Tselemtov Salomon 14
98 Kamhi Sara Salomon 11
99 Kamhi Nathan Salomon 7
100 Kamhi Nissim Mushon 30
101 Kamhi Sara Nissim 24
102 Kamhi Pepo Nissim 6
103 Kamhi Eliahu Nissim 4
104 Kamhi Mois Nissim 2
105 Kamhi Abraham Jaim 40
106 Kamhi Zunjo Abraham 35
107 Kamhi Zoulika Abraham 13
108 Kamhi Jaim Abraham 10
109 Kamhi Salom Abraham 8
110 Kamhi Esterica Abraham 2
111 Kamhi Samuel Salom 29
112 Kamhi Hanna Samuel 24
113 Kamhi Salom Samuel 1
114 Kamhi Zabetai Samuel 1
115 Koen Mordojai Iacob 43
116 Koen Buena Mordojai 47
117 Koen Iacob Mordojai 22
118 Koen Tsika Mordojai 16
119 Koen Dario Mordojai 14
120 Koen Clara Mordojai 11
121 Koen Moises Abraham 35
122 Koen Zouli Moises 31
123 Koen Abraham Moises 8
124 Koen Moshon Iosef 54
125 Koen Arnesta Moshon 53
126 Koen Sara Moshon 23
127 Koen Lazaro Moshon 17
128 Koen Rajel Moshon 15
129 Koen Luna Moshon 11
130 Kastro Moises Jason 23
131 Kastro Sol Moises 19
132 Begiakar Bohor Iacob 67
133 Begiakar Sara Bohor 64
134 Begiagkar Jacob Bohor 35
135 Begiagkar Arnesta Iacob 32
136 Begiagkar Sarica Iacob 11
137 Begiagkar Palomba Iacob 9
138 Barouch Isaac Iosef 43
139 Barouch Loutsa Iacob 38
140 Barouch Pepo Iacob 16
141 Barouch Riketa Iacob 14
142 Barouch Leon Iacob 8
143 Bibaz Moshon Bital 43
144 Bibaz Sara Moshon 31
145 Mesulan Isaac Zabetai 55
146 Mesulan Luna Isaac 50
147 Mesulan Jaim Isaac 26
148 Mesulan Alberto Isaac 22
149 Negri Rafael Reumben 30
150 Negri Sarica Rafael 25
151 Negri Reumben Rafael 4
152 Negri Estela Rafael 2
153 Nahmia Dov Iosef 70
154 Nahmia Ester Dov 48
155 Nahmia Salom Dov 21
156 Nahmia Moises Dov 14
157 Nahmia Aaron Dov 12
158 Nahmia Pinjas David 36
159 Nahmia Luna Pinjas 30
160 Nahmia Reina Pinjas 8
161 Nahmia David Pinjas 5
162 Nahmia Nahman David 34
163 Nahmia Rajel Nahman 31
164 Nahmia Reina Nahman 8
165 Nahmia David Nahman 4
166 Nahmia Pepo Dov 35
167 Nahmia Sara Pepo 8
168 Nahmia Buena Pepo 8
169 Nahmia David Pinjas 64
170 Nahmia Reina David 57
171 Nahmia Abraham David 29
172 Nahmia Gkelada David 20
173 Nahmia Ester David 18
174 Nahmia Miriam David 15
175 Pesso Iosef Isaac 27
176 Pesso Rajel Iosef 20
177 Pesso Nissim Mair 39
178 Pesso Lea Nissim 37
179 Pesso Isaac Nissim 18
180 Pesso Rebeca Nissim 16
181 Pesso Debora Nissim 14
182 Pesso Alegra Nissim 12
183 Pesso Mair Nissim 9
184 Pesso Reina Nissim 6
185 Pesso Meshulan Bohor 46
186 Pesso Lia Meshulan 40
187 Pesso Iosef Meshulan 18
188 Pesso Rajamin Meshulan 13
189 Pesso Oro Meshulan 22
190 Pesso Luna Meshulan 21
191 Pesso Ester Meshulan 19
192 Pesso Meyroutza Meshulan 15
193 Pesso Regina Meshulan 11
194 Pesso Mair Meshulan 82
195 Pesso Meshulan Iacob 28
196 Pesso Regina Meshulan 28
197 Pesso Zabetai Bohor 32
198 Pesso Estrella Zabetai 30
199 Pesso Salomon Zabetai 5
200 Pesso Meshulan Aaron 38
201 Pesso Rajel Meshulan 36
202 Pesso Luna Meshulan 16
203 Pesso Samuel Meshulan 13
204 Pesso Zabetai Meshulan 11
205 Pesso Isaac Giosef 65
206 Pesso Lea Isaac 53
207 Pesso Mair Isaac 20
208 Pesso Rebeca Isaac 14
209 Pesso David Bohor 32
210 Pesso Alegra David 19
211 Pesso Estrella David 6
212 Pesso Isaac David 3
213 Pesso Salomon David 1
214 Pesso Aaron Meshulan 66
215 Pesso Sara Aaron 57
216 Pesso Jaim Aaron 23
217 Pesso David Aaron 20
218 Pesso Mois Aaron 18
219 Pesso Iacob Giosef 62
220 Pesso Rachel Iacob 56
221 Pesso Jajman Iacob 22
222 Pesso Marika Iacob 20
223 Pesso Esterina Iacob 17
224 Pardo Mois Jaim 33
225 Pardo Iom Tov 32
226 Pardo Ester Mois 5
227 Pardo Jaim Moshon 59
228 Pardo Ester Jaim 57
229 Pardo Rebeca Jaim 29
230 Pardo Abraham Jaim 13
231 Pardo Menahem Jaim 31
232 Pardo Gracia Menahem 31
233 Pardo Rajiel Menahem 5
234 Pardo Esther Menahem 1
235 Pesaj David Beno 43
236 Pesaj Anna David 38
237 Pesaj Beno David 12
238 Pesaj Mair David 8
239 Russo David Dov 22
240 Sarfati Iomtov Asher 31
241 Sarfati Loreta Asher 9
242 Sarfati Salomon Asher 7
243 Sarfati Mois Bohor 31
244 Sarfati Buena Mois 31
245 Sarfati Malka Mois 9
246 Sarfati Bohor Abraham 65
247 Sarfati Malka Bohor 65
248 Zakin Daniel Salomon 65
249 Zakin Belisia Daniel 60
250 Zakin Luna Mordojai 28
251 Zakin Reina Mordojai 5
252 Zakin Tsoulia Mordojai 2
253 Zakin Eliahu Mordojai 50
254 Zakin Tsogia Eliahu 43
255 Zakin Barouh Eliahu 18
256 Zakin Alegra Eliahu 16
257 Zakin Perla Eliahu 14
258 Zakin Luna Eliahu 11
259 Tsiko Aaron Iacob 37
260 Franco Giajel Moshon 50
261 Franco Buena Giajel 47
262 Franco Alberto Giajel 20
263 Franco Clara Giajel 18
264 Franco Tselemtov Abraham 89
265 Franco Mois Giajel 30
266 Franco Rebeca Mois 26
267 Franco Iosef Tselemtov 33
268 Franco Louisa Iosef 31
269 Franco Maton Iosef 11
270 Franco Clara Iosef 10
271 Franco Rajel Iosef 4
272 Franco Tselemtov Iosef 1
273 Franco Mois Tselemtov 32
274 Franco Koula Mois 27
275 Franco Tselemtov Mois 4
276 Hasson Abraham Moises 39
277 Hasson Palomba Abraham 35
278 Hasson Mois Abraham 7
279 Hasson Loutsa Abraham 2
280 Hasson Moises Eliecer 25
281 Hasson Palomba Moises 28
282 Hasson Perla Moises 1
283 Hasson Zouli Samuel 23
284 Hasson Loutsa Samuel 1
285 Hasson Rajel Mentech 32
286 Hasson Buena Mentech 9
287 Hasson Matilde Mentech 6
288 Hasson Daniel Moises 45
289 Hasson Luna Daniel 28
290 Hasson Moises Daniel 6
291 Hasson Vida Daniel 3
292 Hasson Riketta Daniel 2
293 Alnboher Jeremias GiomTov 30
294 Alnboher Esterina Jeremias 29
295 Alnboher Moises Jeremias 1

Florina
Remembrance of a forgotten community

Mishel Sarfatis
Translated by Norbert Porile


“We were all like brothers” exclaimed my parents in unison, referring to the Jewish community of Florina, located in northern Greece near the border with the former Yugoslavia.
The Encyclopedia Judaica mentions that in the 16th and 17th centuries there were Jews already living in Florina. Most of them came from Spain following their expulsion in 1492. The modern Jewish community was established in 1912 with several hundred Jews who came from the nearby Yugoslavian town of Monastir, now known as Bitola. They came in search of a better life.
Most of these Jews engaged in the sale of fabrics, clothing, and shoes, including the “charuji”, typical shoes worn by farmers in the Greek mountains. Others were artisans, carpenters, day workers, etc. There is no record of Jewish farmers, or beggars. Among the poorest Jews, one can mention a middle aged man who sold pistachios, which he weighed on a home made scale also used in the sale of eggs and roasted potatoes.
There were also itinerant salesmen who sold eggs, which they used to put in mud pots so that they could be roasted in the oven. Others sold the delicious “Kibapes”.


The Jewish quarter and its customs

The Jewish quarter of Florina was located in the river section of the town, specifically along Ipiru Street, to its South, along both banks of the Saculeba River, and along narrow alleys in that neighborhood.
The synagogue (Kahal), a small and old building, where the rabbi or Hochem officiated, was located on the banks of the river on Aberos street. The cemetery was located outside the town, in the foothills. Besides his religious duties, the rabbi also doubled as Mohel and Shochet. As if this wasn't enough, he also acted as school teacher, chiefly teaching reading and writing both in Greek and in Hebrew. Until 1925 he was in charge of nearly all primary education.
In the 1930's the community consisted of approximately 450-500 persons. They followed both the traditional religious observances as well as the traditional social customs in their lifestyle, hierarchy, and mutual aid. For example, in case of a wedding involving a poor bride, who typically worked as a maid in a Christian home and could not provide a dowry, the Hochem called on the rich Jews in town to underwrite the wedding.
A typical custom of the newly wed couple was to move their household and other trousseau items to their new home by horse drawn carriage. They were accompanied by musicians playing their mandolins and other instruments, and by other townsmen, who engaged in singing and dancing.


The economy and communal tasks

To support the charitable activities of the Jewish community, families were assessed contributions which varied with their economic status. Additional funds were raised at Saturday morning services by requesting donations for the privileges of being called to the Torah, carrying the Torah, and putting on the Rimonim.
Different groups were assigned the various tasks of aiding the needy. The Ozer Dalim were in charge of providing food to the poor, the Malbish Arumim collected clothing and shoes, and the Bikur Jolim visited the sick and the housebound.
In 1924-25 the civil authorities instituted the five day work week. This turned Saturday into the main shopping day of the week. Since the Jewish shopkeepers did not work on Saturdays their businesses suffered and many moved elsewhere.
Jews and Gentiles generally got along well in Florina. They lived in harmony and mutual respect. One unfortunate incident did occur in the 1920's. An anti -Semitic town official accused the Jews of having kidnapped a Christian child in order to use his blood to make Passover Matzohs. However, once the child was found near the town the Greek authorities fired the official in question.
Jews served in the Greek army to the same extent as the rest of the population. In the Monument to the Fallen in 1940-41, located in the main town square, the names of four local Jews are listed: Menajem Aharon, Testa Bension, Menachem Iosef, and Isaak Rajamin. It is worth noting that many Jews participated in social and political conflicts, and belonged to various political parties and partisan groups.


The end of the Jewish community

The Jewish community of Florina lasted until 1943. That is when the German occupying forces acted in the same way as they did against other Jewish communities in occupied Europe, deporting the Florina Jews to concentration camps and crematoria in Poland and Germany. Exactly ten days after the end of Passover (April 30, 1943) the Germans rounded up the Jewish inhabitants in the yards of schools No.1 and No.2 from where they were taken to the trains which carried them to their death. Some of those who realized what was about to happen to them fled to the mountains and saved themselves after many harrowing moments.
One member of the Jewish community collaborated with the Germans in an attempt to save lives. He convinced some Jews to tell the Germans where they had hidden their valuables. However, once this was done he was loaded on the same train as everyone else. All personal belongings were confiscated by the Nazis and Jewish homes and businesses were looted. Some of the local inhabitants participated in the looting. The few members of the Jewish community who managed to save themselves from the Holocaust subsequently left for different countries: Israel, United States, Brazil, and Chile. Only one Jew, Jacob Cohen, returned to Florina after the war. He later moved to Bolos, another Greek town, where he died after some years.
At the end of the war the buildings belonging to former Jewish residents were turned over to the Jewish Community of Greece. With a few exceptions, they were then sold at auction.
Today there are virtually no signs that Florina once had an active Jewish community. No street names or other public indications exist to mark their former presence. Only an occasional older resident remembers that Florina was home to a Jewish community, with its distinct practices such as the eating of Matzohs at Passover.
“Women, men, the old and the young, even babies, all were taken”. These terrible images persist in the eyes of my parents.

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