RAINBOW - VINOZHITO
2005 HUMAN DIMENSION IMPLEMENTATION MEETING
WARSAW September 29, 2005
Working Session 16: Tolerance and Non-Discrimination
this page in Macedonian
In the framework of today's morning session we are focusing in the
topic of racism and xenophobia.
Should a person claim that there are citizens in Europe at the beginning
of the 21st century who do not possess the right to visit the graves
of their parents or have the right to live and die in their place
of birth, this would sound bizarre.
Unbelievably, this happens to be the case in Greece. A European
country, member of the European Union, the Council of Europe the
OSCE and the UN.
The Greek State prohibits the repatriation of Macedonian political
refugees who left Greece during the Greek Civil War (1946 - 1949).
Until 1982 ethnic Greek and ethnic Macedonian political refugees
were denied return to Greece. However, according to the Greek government's
so-called policy of "national reconciliation" in 1982,
refugees who left Greece during the Greek Civil War are now permitted
to return Greece.
Particularly in the Greek legislation there is the L. 1266/1982
and the common decision (106841 / 29.12.1982 of the Greek ministries
of Internal Affairs and Public. Let me stress the language of the
following paragraph of law:
"... can return to Greece all Greeks by genus* who left Greece
during the Civil War 1946 - 1949 and because of which went abroad
as political refugees even if they lost their Greek citizenship..."
* The word genus here is synonymous with "race" and
was deliberately used to discriminate against the Macedonian
based on their ethnicity. It is shocking that such terminology
is in use
by the Greek government. It clearly discriminates against former
Greek citizens based on their race.
May I ask under which commitment, declaration or OSCE's criteria
a member State can divide its citizens on a racist basis?
May I ask the Greek representative in the OSCE how the Greek government
determines the genus or the race its citizens?
Thank you all for your attention.